Foot and Ankle Podiatrist in Houston for treat the Toenail Fungus Foot

  • The fungus toenails, also called onychomycosis, is a common condition that disfigures and sometimes destroys the nail. There are different types of fungi (microscopic organisms related to mold and mildew) that cause this problem. These fungi grow in the dark, damp and stuffy environment inside shoes. As they grow, fungi feed on keratin, the protein that forms strong hard surface of the toenails.
  • When you have nail fungus, nails become thick, brittle and discolored (can be brown, white or opaque). The shape of the nail may be distorted. The nail can be separated (loose), and there may be debris under the nail.

    These infections can be treated with prescription drugs only. However, the drug may not be effective for this in Rivera Foot & Ankle offer Laser Therapy
  • Most who wear tight-fitting shoes or stockings are more likely to suffer from fungi, especially if they have poor hygiene in the feet. Another risk is to use layers of nail polish, which do not allow the nail to breathe. Furthermore, as these fungi can spread from foot to foot on the floors of showers and locker rooms, fungal infections in toenails are common among soldiers, athletes and miners.
    • Wear comfortable shoes and socks that allow your feet have "breathing room".
    • Wear shoes, sandals or flip-flops in communal showers and locker rooms.
    • Wash your feet every day, dry thoroughly and use a foot powder good quality.
    • Use of any type and clean cámbieselas average daily.
    • Keep nails short.
    • Disinfect pedicure tools before using them.

Foot and Ankle Podiatrist in Houston for treat the Hammertoes Foot

Dedos de Martillo

  • The hammertoes also known as hammertoes or mallet fingers are a deformity in which one or more toes flex and bend acquiring the appearance of a claw.

    This problem usually affects the second toe, but can also affect other, so that the smallest bend and squeeze together causing serious problems walking and continuous colors and very annoying.
  • The joint half toe is bent. The final part of the toe bends down into a claw-like deformity. At first, you can move and straighten the finger, but over time, you can not do it and hurt.

    Often, a callus forms on the top of the toe and is detected callus on the sole of the foot.

    Walking or wearing shoes can be painful.

    A physical examination of the foot will confirm if you have hammer toe. The doctor may detect decreased or pain on movement of the toes.
  • This problem can begin in childhood and can be caused by hereditary abnormality in the alignment of the metatarsal bones and the joint excessively long.

    However, it may occur in adulthood and is usually caused because the shoe does not fit properly. This problem is more common in people who use high heels, because the weight is distributed unevenly between the toes.

    The hammertoe can also occur as a result of muscle and nerve deterioration that occurs for example in cases of diabetes, stroke, neurological disorders, by shortening the Achilles' heel or weakness of tibialis anterior, whose tendons cross the back foot. In many cases, this problem is associated with calli, arthritis and obesity.
    • Use shoes that fit well and keep in mind that your feet grow with age, so you have to change them as soon as you feel a bit crowded.
    • Buy shoes in the afternoon, when your feet are a little swollen for work in the morning.
    • Avoid wearing high heels and sharp every day.
    • Walking barefoot as long as possible.
    • Wear shoes with straps in case of developing hammertoes, not press more than they should.

Podiatrist in Houston to treat Spurs Foot


  • A heel spur is a bony prominence that may appear on the front of the heel (calcaneus) due to excessive and continuous stretching of the plantar fascia, a band of connective tissue that covers the muscles in the area. To overstretch the fascia can calcify, forming the spur, which is quite painful and difficult normal heel support, sometimes causing inflammation in the surrounding area.

  • The ram is more common among people with high arched foot or who are overweight, although it may occur among those making violent movements with his foot. Also, the flat foot and contractures in the Achilles tendon also increase the tension in the plantar fascia, so it may lead to the occurrence of heel spurs.
  • This injury is usually treated successfully by using orthotics that relieve stress on the area making movements less painful. Night splints and stretching exercises are also effective to eliminate or reduce pain. In case there are inflammations can be treated by infiltration of inflammatory drugs.

    Advances in surgical techniques has led to the heel spur can be corrected with surgery. By such an operation resection or removal of the spur with a minimal incision of two or three millimeters in the skin to the bony prominence.

Podiatrist in Houston to treat the Diabetic Neuropathy

Neuropatía Diabética

  • Diabetic neuropathy is a common complication of diabetes in which nerves are damaged as a result of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia).
  • Symptoms often develop slowly over several years and depend on which nerves are affected.

    People with diabetes can have problems digesting food, which can make your illness more difficult to control. Symptoms digestion problems include:

    • Feeling full after eating only a small portion of food.
    • Heartburn and bloating.
    • Nausea, constipation or diarrhea.
    • Swallowing problems.
    • Vomiting food hours after a meal.

    Tingling or burning in the arms and legs may be an early sign of nerve damage.

    • These feelings often begin in the toes and feet.
    • You may have deep pain, often in the feet and legs.

    Nerve damage can cause you to lose feeling in your arms and legs. Because of this you can:

    • Not to notice when something sharp on
    • Not knowing who has a blister or a small cut
    • Not notice when you touch something that is too hot or cold

    Damage to the nerves in your heart and blood vessels can lead to:

    • Feeling dizzy when you stand up (orthostatic hypotension)
    • Having a fast heart rate
    • No notice angina, the chest pain that warns of heart disease and heart attack

    Other symptoms of nerve damage are:

    • Sexual problems. Men may have problems with erections. Women can have vaginal dryness and problems with orgasm.
    • Not be able to notice that your blood sugar gets too low.
    • Bladder problems. You can have urine leakage and may not be able to tell if your bladder is full. Some people are not able to empty your bladder.
    • Sweating too (when the temperature is cool when you are at rest or at other times unusual).
  • People with diabetes commonly develop temporary or permanent damage to nerve tissue. Nerve injuries are caused by decreased blood flow and highblood sugar levels, and are more likely to develop if the levels of blood sugar is not well controlled.

    Some people with diabetes do not develop nerve damage, while others may develop this initial condition. On average, symptoms begin 10 to 20 years after diagnosis of diabetes. Approximately 40% of people with diabetes will eventually develop nerve damage.

    Peripheral nerve injury can affect the nerves in the skull (cranial nerves) or nerves of the spine and its ramifications. This type of nerve damage (neuropathy) tends to develop in stages.

    Autonomic neuropathies affect the nerves that regulate vital functions, including the heart muscle and smooth muscles.
  • To keep your feet healthy in case of diabetes, you should:

    • Review them and care for them EVERY DAY
    • Ensure that medical consideration at least once every year and do check your feet at every quarterly consultation
    • Make sure you are using the right kind of shoes

Advanced Food & Ankle Specialist for Ingrown Toenail

Uñas Enterradas

  • The ingrown toenail is the result of a fragment of a penetrating flesh and causes inflammation and pain. There are two types:
    the most usual embodiment the lateral anterior occurs when the nail is embodied forward.
    • Malformations of nails determined by heredity.
    • Shoes too tight
    • Defects in the pedicure or manicure to cut bad side edges.
    • Some antipsoriatic or antiretroviral treatments (IP).
    • Osteoarthritis
    • Growths occurring flesh under the nail.
    • Ingrown toenail Distal observed in preterm and presents a different aspect
  • The most important thing is to take a precautionary approach to avoid cutting the lateral edges of the nail, use topical antiseptics used if there is inflammation and extensive footwear. Curative treatment relies on antibiotic therapy and antiseptic. Some doctors use the nail disembodied means temporarily until swelling down in the second half and cut the nail properly.

    Surgical treatment is indicated only under certain circunstrancias and can be a classic or laser intervention, however preventive treatment is the best weapon against ingrown toenails can even avoid surgery in many cases.

Foot and Ankle Podiatrist in Houston for treat the Heel Pain Foot

Dolor en los Talones


  • Often the heel pain is the result of overloading. In rare cases, can be caused by a single injury.

    The heel may be swollen or tender if you:

    • Spread on hard surfaces like concrete.
    • Spread too often.
    • Stiffness of the calf muscles or the Achilles tendon.
    • Footwear has inadequate support or cushioning.
    • Makes an unexpected turn of your heel inward or outward.
    • Airplane with violence or stupidity on his heels.
  • The following measures can relieve heel pain:

    • Stand as much as possible for at least a week.
    • Apply ice to the painful area. Do this at least twice daily for 10 to 15 minutes and most often in the first two days.
    • Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain.
    • Use proper-fitting shoes.
    • Use heel, felt pad in the heel area, or shoe insole.
    • Use night splints.
    • Other treatments depend on the cause of heel pain.

    Call your doctor if you have heel pain that does not improve after 2-3 weeks of treatment at home. Also call if:

    • The pain is getting worse despite home treatment.
    • The pain is sudden and severe.
    • You have redness or swelling of the heel.
    • You can not put weight on the foot
  • Conditions associated with heel pain include:

    • Achilles tendinitis, inflammation of the large tendon that connects the calf muscle to the heel.
    • Bursitis, inflammation of the back of the heel.
    • Bone spurs in the heel.
    • Plantar fasciitis, inflammation of the thick band of tissue that is in the sole.
  • Maintain flexibility and muscle strength in the calves, ankles and feet can help prevent some types of heel pain. Always stretch and warm up before exercising.

    Wear comfortable shoes that fit well and with good arch support and cushioning. Verify that there is enough room for your shoes.

Foot and Ankle Podiatrist in Houston for treat the Corn Foot

Callos en los dedos

  • The corn is a dead tissue reexaltación firm, small and round, which usually form in different parts of the bony toes and having a hard consistency.

    Most have yellowish, but may blush to become irritated and inflamed. Contain a waxy core and which is formed in the outer skin layer and then penetrates to the underlying tissue and nerves os, causing pain especially if pressed.
  • Are easily diagnosed with the naked eye and an important step to prevent and treat is to identify the type of footwear that is being used.
    A great danger to be considered is whether the person has diabetes or any disease that causes poor circulation, corns should be treated in a professional and you should never try healing the person.
  • They are caused by friction or pressure on the skin, usually by wearing shoes or socks that do not fit properly or participate in artistic activities, work or sports that involve constant rubbing and pressure.

    In some cases, the calli were also develop arthritis or deformities in the bone structure.
    • Use insoles designed to lift and separate the long bones of the arc, pressure transferring metatarsus of the foot.
    • Limit how often you wear high heels, as they can cause abnormal weight shifting to the toes
    • Wear shoes when exercising adequate to distribute the weight evenly along their feet
    • Maintain a healthy weight

Podiatrist in Houston to treat Callus Foot

Callosidad en la planta

  • The calluses are horny layers that form in certain parts of the skin because of the call hyperkeratosis, which causes the upper layers of the skin to thicken by an increased presence of keratin. By losing moisture, nerve endings and tissue atrophy becomes harder and insensitive to pain. If this skin is exposed to constant pressure and friction will form a strong yellowish surface will form a callus.
  • The calluses vary in shape and size. They are usually painless, but in some cases become so thick that the skin loses flexibility and break causing discomfort. People with diabetes or poor circulation may develop serious infections under calluses.
  • The calluses on the soles or heels are caused by wearing shoes that press your feet too. People who go barefoot all the time and in all types of terrain, often develop calluses up to 1 cm. thick.
    • Wear comfortable shoes, avoiding high heels and narrow toes.
    • Use plain socks without roughness.
    • Rubbing your feet every day, before bed and preferably using hot water with salt, vinegar or soap to soften calloused parts.
    • Never use scissors or knives to remove calluses, see a specialist in difficult cases in which no patches are removed with or liquids that are purchased in pharmacies.

Houston Foot and Ankle Surgeon that Treats Bunions


  • It occurs when the big toe points toward the second toe. This causes the appearance of a ridge on the outer edge of the finger.
  • You can have it if you experience the following symptoms:

    • Red, calloused skin along the inside edge of the big toe
    • A bony bump at this site
    • Pain over the joint, aggravated by pressure from shoes
    • The Big toe turned toward the other toes
  • Bunions are more common in women and can sometimes run in families. People born with abnormal bones in their feet are more likely to form a bunion.

    Also, the use of close-toed shoes and high heels can lead to the development of a bunion.

    The condition may become painful as the bump gets worse and the extra bone and a fluid-filled sac grow at the base of the big toe.
    • Avoid compressing the toes with narrow shoes and ill-fitting.