Flat feet” or “fallen arches” as the name suggests is a popular reference for a condition where a person’s foot has a collapsed arch.
The foot’s arches differ in height from one person to another, however, those who have flat feet can run into complications if not addressed.
Here are some of the causes of flat feet:
- Genetic makeup/born with flat feet
- Due to stretched or torn tendons
- Different diseases that affect ligaments and muscles.
- Broken or dislocated bones
- Injury or trauma
While flat feet in itself will rarely cause problems in day to day activities (indeed, most people with a flat arch do not even realize it unless someone points it out), should the person attempt something more strenuous, such as brisk walking, running, or even just walking for exercise on a daily basis can cause great strain and injuries can result.
The human foot is made up of 26 bones, 33 joints and over a 100 different muscles, tendons and ligaments, which include the arch.
The arch acts like a natural spring, by helping support the body weight with its flexibility by distributing it evenly every time a step is taken. Your arhces also absorb shock from the impact of every step you take as well as provide stregth to push off while running or walking.
But, in some cases, the arch fails to develop properly, leading to flat foot which lacks the flexibility required for helping the feet support the body weight.
When a flat foot hits the ground, it triggers an inward rotation of the ankles and lower leg that in turn can make the knees point towards each other instead of remaining straight. This is called overpronation and over time can cause many issues.
The upper part of the foot also follows suit, causing greater than average movement in the hip. Such abnormal movement overtime can cause strain to build up, leading to damage in the feet, knees, ankles, hip, and even back.
RIVERA FOOT & ANKLE: At Orlando H.Rivera DPM, our priority is to deliver quality care to informed patients in a comfortable and convenient setting. When you have problems with your feet, you need to turn to a podiatrist who listens and responds… an experienced doctor who knows the field and can effectively diagnose and treat your needs… a friendly physician who counsels you on the best ways to maintain and improve your health. Our physician(s) meet all these criteria. Plus, you benefit from a dedicated team of trained professionals who give you the individualized attention you deserve.
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